الحيوانات واسماء اعضائها

Horse
Morphology of a horse: large hoofed and maned domestic animal of the ungulate family. Raised by humans for pulling loads and for transportation.
Ear: organ of hearing.
Nape: back of the neck.
Throat: front of the neck.
Mane: long hair growing from the neck of a horses.
Neck: part of the horse between the head, the withers and the chest.
Withers: part of the horse between the back, the neck and the shoulderblade.
Back: upper part of a horse’s trunk.
Hip: joint connecting the rear leg to the pelvis.
Rump: hindquarters of a horse.
Buttock: fleshy part under the tail.
Tail: extension of the spinal column of a horses.
Thigh: upper part of the rear leg.
Leg: part between the thigh and the hock of the rear leg.
Hock: point of the part of the gaskin behind the knee.
Cannon bone: the part fo the gaskin behind the knee.
Fetlock: tuft of hair behind the fetlock joint.
Pastern: part of the horse that corresponds to the first phalange.
Stifle: part of the leg of a horse between the thigh and the kneecap.
Flank: side of the trunk of a horse.
Fetlock joint: joint between the cannon and the pastern.
Toe: front of the hoof.
Hoof: developed nail that enclosed the end of the toes of a horse.
Coronet: upper part of a horse’s hoof.
Canon bone: part of the foreleg between the hock and the fetlock joint.
Knee: joint of the leg.
Shoulder: joint that connects the foreleg with the body.
Breast: the front of the horse’s body.
Throat: front of the neck.
Cheek: side of the head.
Jowl: rear side part of a horse’s jaw.
Lower lip: fleshy part that covers and protects the lower teeth.
Mouth: entrance to the digestive tract.
Upper lip: fleshy part that covers and protects the upper teeth.
Nostril: entrance to the respiratory system.
Tip of nose: end of the nose.
Nose: front of a horse’s head, just above the nose.
Eye: sight organ of a horses.

Deer antlers
Deer antlers: large ruminant mammal of the ruminant family, which lives in herds.
Fork: end of a deer’s antlers, which divides in two.
Palm: end of a deer’s antlers similar in form to a human hand.
Royal antler: third division of a deer’s antlers from its head.
Bay antler: division of a deer’s antlers above the brow tine.
Brow tine: first division of a deer’s antlers from its head.
Pedicle: part of a deer’s head that supports the antlers.
Beam: central stalk of the antlers of a deer.
Surroyal antler: fourth division of the antlers of a deer.
Crown tine: growing tine at the top of a deer’s antlers.

Cat
Morphology of a cat: carnivorous mammal of the feline family, with retractile claws. There are both wild and domestic varieties. Felidae is the biological family of the cats; a member of this family is called a felid.
Head: foremost part of the cat.
Ear: organ of hearing.
Neck: part of cat that connects the head to the trunk.
Back: top part of the trunk.
Hip: joint connecting the rear leg to the pelvis.
Buttock: fleshy part lelow the tail.
Thigh: upper part of the rear leg.
Tail: extension of the spine.
Hind leg: rear limb.
Belly: lower part of the abdomen.
Chest: lower part of the thorax.
Fore leg: front limb.
Shoulder: joint connecting the arm with the body.
Lip: fleshy part covering the teeth.
Whiskers: hairs on the cats muzzle.
Nose: opening of the respiratory system.
Eye: sight organ of the cat.

Dog
Morphology of a dog: carnivorous domestic mammal raised to perform various tasks for humans.
Ear: organ of hearing.
Nape: back of the neck.
Neck: part of a dog that connects the head to the trunk.
Withers: part fo the dog between the back, the neck and the shoulders.
Back: upper part of a dog’s trunk.
Hip: joint connecting the rear leg to the pelvis.
Rump: hindquarters of a dog.
Buttock: fleshy part under the tail.
Tail: extension of the spinal column.
Thigh: upper part of the rear leg.
Leg: lower part fo the rear leg.
Hock: point of the part of the rear leg below the knee.
Cannon bone: part of the rear leg behind the knee.
Hind leg: rear limb.
Belly: lower part of the abdomen.
Chest: lower part of the thorax.
Wrist: joint between the paw and the rest of the rear leg.
Fore leg: front limb.
Breast: front of the body of a dog.
Shoulder: joint that connects the foreleg to a dog’s body.
Cheek: part on the side of the head of a dog.
Mouth: entrance to the digestive tract.
Tip of nose: nose of a dog.
Nose: front of the head of a dog, just above the nose.
Eye: sight organ.
Fore head: upper part of the dog’s face.

Bird
Morphology of a bird: a warm-blood animal with two wings, two feet, a horny beak and a body covered with feathers.
Thigh: top part of the leg of a bird.
Scapulars: shoulder feathers.
Back: back part of a bird’s thorax.
Nape: back of a bird’s neck.
Auricular region: part of a bird’s head related to the ear.
Crown: top part of a bird’s head.
Eye: sight organ of a bird.
Fore head: top part of the face.
Upper mandible: top part of the beak.
Lower mandible: lower part of the beak.
Beak: a set of upper and lower mandibles.
Chin: lower part of the face.
Throat: fron tpart of the neck.
Breast: front part of the thorax.
Wing covert: upper part of the wings.
Flank: side part of the body.
Belly: front of the abdomen.
Primaries: the largest feathers on the edge of a bird’s wing.
Secondaries: large feathers between the primaries and the tertials of a bird’s wing.
Tarsus: part of the leg of a bird below the thigh.
Foot: the end part of a bird’s leg.
Hind toe: jointed rear appendage.
Wing: appendage of aerial locomotio.
Under tail covert: feathers under a bird’s tail.
Tail feathers: feathers forming the tail of a bird.
Upper tail feather: feathers above the tail.
Rump: projection of the lower back.

Fish
Morphology of a bony fish: finned aquatic vertebrates animal with skin covered with scales. It lives in water and is usually oviparous.
Eye: sight organ of a fish.
Operculum: pair of rigid plates covering and protecting the gills of a fish.
Lateral line: central line dividing a fish lengthwise.
Spiny ray: spine travelling the length of a fin.
Dorsal fin: locomotive limb situated on the back of a fish.
Caudal fin: locomotive limb situated at the end of a fish.
Anal fin: locomotive limb situated behind the anus of a fish.
Pelvic fin: locomotive limb situated beneath the pelvic girdle of a fish.
Scale: each of the small hard plates covering a fish.
Pectoral fin: locomotive limb situated at the chest of a fish.
Mandible: lower jaw.
Mouth: entrance of the digestive tract.
Maxillary: bone forming the upper jaw.

Spider
Morphology of a spider: arthropod animal with eight legs and an unsegmented body.
First leg: first locomotive appendage of a spider in relation to its head.
Nail: pointed nail.
Second leg: second locomotive appendage of a spider in relation to its head.
Abdomen: rear part of a spider’s body.
Third leg: third locomotive appendage of a spider in relation to its head.
Fourth leg: fourth locomotive appendage of a spider in relation to its head.
Spinneret: opening through which the spider emits its silk.
Tarsus: last part of the leg of a spider.
Metatarsus: fourth part of the leg.
Tibia: third part of the leg.
Patella: second part of the leg.
Femur: first part of the leg.
Eye: sight organ of a spider.
Chelicera: pair of venomous hooks on the spider’s head.
Pedipalp: tactile foot of a spider.

Snake
Morphology of a venomous snake: a limbless, elongated, cylindrical reptile.
Eye: organ of sight of a snake.
Head: foremost part of a snake.
Poison gland. venom-producing gland of a snake.
Neck: part of a snake between the head and the body.
Scale: each of the hard plates covering the body.
Forked tongue: forked organ in the mouth of a snake.
Glottis: opening in the larynx of a snake.
Tooth: organ used to crush food.
Fang: hard organ used to inject the venom of venomous snakes.
Venom canal: tube that carries the venom.
Nostril: nasal opening.

Bee
Morphology of a bee: hive-dwelling social insect which produces honey and wax, see also carpenter bee.
Head: foremost part.
Thorax: central part.
Abdomen: rear part.
Wing: appendage of a bee used for aerial locomotion.
Segment: part of the abdomen.
Hind leg: rear limb.
Nail: pointed nail of a bee.
Middle leg: middle limb.
Fore leg: front limb.
Spur: projecting part of the foreleg of a bee.
Tarsus: each of the parts that make up the segment of the bee’s leg below the tibia.
Tibia: central part of the bee’s leg.
Femur: first part of the bee’s leg.
Mouth parts: parts of the mouth.
Compound eye: complex sight organ.
Antenna: touch organ of a bee.


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