Human Body

Cell
Cell: the cell is a highly complex system that is the site of intense energy exchange and which presents vast interphase surfaces. Like all living organisms, it feeds itself, grows, multiplies and dies.
Chromatin: pat of the nucleus of a cell visible by microscope. It consists of a dense, weblike, interconnected mass.
Nucleus: central part of a cell which contains the chromosomes.
Mitochondrion: microstructure of cytoplasm which plays a role in oxydation and the storage of energy in a cell.
Nucleolus: nuclear particle that plays a role in the physiology of a cell.
Nuclear membrane: very thin organic tissue that envelops the nucleus of a cell.
Protein: compound composed of amino-acids, with a large molecular weight.
Melanin: cutaneous pigment.
Cell membrane: fine membrane covering a cell.
Ribosome granule: cytoplasmic organelle that plays an important role in the synthesis of proteins in a cell.
Glycogen: substance that produces glucose in human organisms.
Cytoplasm: gel containing the cell.
Endoplasmic reticulum: mesh of fibres in the central part of cytoplasm.
Golgi apparatus: granulation system of cytoplasm.
Centrioles: ponticulus at the centre of a centrosome.
Lysosome: intracellular organelle able to absorb solid particles from the surrounding area.
Adult female (anterior view)
Adult female (anterior view): mature female human being.
Skull: bony case of the brain.
Forehead: part of the face between the hairline and the eyebrows.
Temple: part of the head between the eye and the top of the ear.
Chin: protuberance of the jaw below the lower lip.
Nipple: conical protuberance forming the point of the breast.
Breast: part of the human chest which contains the mammary gland.
Navel: mark left by the umbilical cord.
Pubis: area at the base of the lower abdomen covered by pubic hairs.
Thigh: upper part of the lower limb of humans; it contains the femur.
Knee: joint between the thigh and the lower leg.
Leg: lower part of the lower limb of humans.
Foot: part of the lower limb of humans that supports the body when it is standing.
Toe: digit of the foot.
Hand: part on the end of a human arm, composed of five (5) fingers and used for thouching and holding.
Abdomen: lower part of the trunk, containing the digestive organs.
Chest or thorax: the part of the upper trunk above the diaphragm and over the ribs.
Mouth: entrance to the digestive tract, situated in the lower part of the face.
Nose: projecting part of the face between the mouth and the forehead, site of respiration.
Ear: external organ of hearing.
Cheek: part of the face between the nose and the ear, and the eye and the lower jaw.
Eye: sight organ.

Adult female (lateral view)

Adult female (lateral view): mature female human being.
Face: front part of a humand head.
Trunk: central part of the body.
Thigh: upper part of the lower limb of humans.
Leg: lower part of the lower limb of humans.
Foot: part of the lower limb of a human that supports its weight when it is standing.
Ankle: joint connecting the leg to the foot.
Forearm: part of the upper limb between the wrist and the elbow.
Arm: part of the upper limb between the elbow and the shoulder.
Shoulder: joint connecting the arm to the trunk.
Neck: part of a human being between the trunk and the head; the neck supports the head.
Head: upper part of the body, comprising the face and the skull.

Woman
Adult female (posterior view): mature female human being.
Hair: hair on the scalp of a human being.
Shoulder: joint connecting the arm to the trunk.
Back: rear part of the body, between the kidneys and the nape of the neck.
Elbow: joint connecting the upper arm and the forearm.
Forearm: part of the upper limb between the elbow and the wrist.
Hand: part of the end of a human arm, composed of five fingers and used for toucning and holding.
Buttock: each of two fleshy parts at the base of the back.
Thigh: upper part of the lower limb of humans; it contains the femur.
Ankle: joint connecting the leg to the foot.
Heel: back part of the foot.
Calf: muscular surface at the back of the leg, below the knee.
Posterior rugae: crease between the two buttocks.
Lumbar region or loin: region of the lower back, in the area of the kidneys.
Wrist: joint connecting the forearm and the hand.
Hip: part of the side of the body between the waist and the thigh.
Shoulder blade: one of two flat triangular bones in the upper back.

Adult male (anterior view)
Adult male (anterior view): mature male human being.
Skull: bony case of the brain.
Forehead: part of the face between the hairline and the eyebrows.
Temple: part of the head between the eye and the top of the ear.
Chin: protuberance of the jaw below the lower lip.
Chest: part of the upper trunk above the diaphragm and over the ribs.
Nipple: conical protuberance forming the point of the breast.
Breast: part of the human chest which contains the mammary gland.
Navel: mark left by the umbilical cord.
Abdomen: lower part of the trunk, containing the digestive organs.
Pubis: area at the base of the lower abdomen covered by pubic hairs.
Penis: external reproductive organ of a human male.
Scrotum: small sac under the human penis containing the testicles.
Knee: joint between the thigh and the lower leg.
Toe: digit of the foot.
Abdomen: lower part of the trunk, containing the digestive organs.
Thorax: the part of the upper trunk above the diaphragm and over the ribs.
Mouth: entrance to the digestive tract, situated in the lower part of the face.
Nose: projecting part of the face between the mouth and the forehead, site of respiration.
Ear: external organ of hearing.
Cheek: part of the face between the nose and the ear, and the eye and the lower jaw.
Eye: sight organ.

Adult male (lateral view)
Adult male (lateral view): mature male human being.
Head: upper part of the body, comprising the face and the skull.
Neck: part of a human being between the trunk and the head; the neck supports the head.
Shoulder: joint connecting the arm to the trunk.
Arm: part of the upper limb between the elbow and the shoulder.
Forearm: part of the upper limb between the wrist and the elbow.
Ankle: joint connecting the leg to the foot.
Foot: part of the lower limb of a human that supports its weight when it is standing.
Leg: lower part of the lower limb of humans.
Thigh: upper part of the lower limb of humans.
Trunk: central part of the body.
Face: front part of a humand head.

Human body
Muscles

Muscles (anterior view): fibrous organs that produce motion by contracting.
Orbicularis oculi: circular muscle of the eyelids.
Obricular oris: circular muscle of the lips.
Serratuf magnus: finger-shaped muscles between the ribs.
External Oblique: muscle whose fibres are oblique in relation to the body when it is standing.
Abdominal rectus: abdominal muscle with vertical fibres.
Tensor of fascia lata: muscular membrane that stretches and thightens.
Great adductor: muscle whose movement runs parallel to the plane of symmetry of the body.
Gracilis (slender): vertical muscle of the inner thigh.
Lateral great: large muscle of the outer thigh.
Gastrocnemius: the two muscles of the calf.
Soleus: extensor muscle of the foot.
Anterior tibial: muscle of the leg below the knee.
Long peroneal: muscle below the peroneals and above the metatarsals.
Medial great: large muscle of the outer thigh.
Straight muscle of thigh: vertical muscle above the knee.
Sartorius: muscle that pivots the lower leg on the thigh and the thigh on the pelvis.
Gluteus medius muscle: muscle of the buttock.
Flexor digitorum superficialis muscle: muscle that flexes the fingers.
Short palmar: small muscle controling the palm of the hand.
Long palmar: large muscle controlling the palm of the hand.
Brachioradial: muscle used to rotate the hand.
Biceps brachi: an arm muscle with two points of attachment.
Greator pectoral: bulky chest muscle.
Deltoid: triangular shoulder muscle used for abduction of the arm.
Trapezius: back muscle between the scapula and the spinal column.
Sternocleido mastoid: neck muscle connecting ther sternum to the clavicle and relative to the mastoid process.

Skeleton
Skeleton (anterior view): set of bones making up the framework of human body.
Maxilla: bony upper part of the jaw.
Mandible: bony lower part of the jaw.
Clavicle: bone of the shoulder girdle, between the sternum and the scapula.
Manubrium: upper part of the sternum.
Sternum: bone connected to the front of the ribs of the thoracic cage.
Ribs (1 to 7): first bones of the thoracic cage.
False ribs (8, 9, 10): the eight, ninth and tenth ribs of the thoracic cage, which protect the lower part of the lungs.
Floating ribs (11, 12): last two ribs of the thoracic cage.
Ilium: bone of the pelvic girdle, comprised of the fusion of the ilium, the ischium and the pubic bone.
Sacrum: bone that is jointed with the hip bone to form the pelvis.
Ischium: one of the bones of the ilium.
Femur: the thigh bone, the longest bone of a human body.
patella: round, flat bone situated over the knee.
Tibia: bone forming the inside of the lower leg.
Fibula: bone forming the outside of the lower leg.
Tarsus: bony area at the back of the foot.
Metatarsus: bones of the foot between the tarsus and the toes.
Distal phalanx: last phalange of a finger.
Middle Phalanx: middle phalange of a finger.
Proximal phalanx: jointed segment of a finger or toe.
Metacarpus: hand bone between the carpus and the phalanges.
Carpus: jointed parts of the hand between the forearm and the metacarpus.
Radius: bone forming the outside of the forearm.
Ulna: bone forming the inside of the forearm.
Humerus: bone of the upper arm.
Scapula: bone of the back of the shoulder.
Malar bone or zygomatic bone: cheek bone.
Nasal bone: bones of the nose.
Temporal: bone of the temple.
Frontal: bone of the forehead.

Skeleton lateral view
Skeleton (lateral view): set of bones making up the framework of human body.
Frontal: bone of the forehead.
Nasal bone: bones of the nose.
Malar or zygomatic bone: cheek bone.
Maxilla: bony upper part of the jaw.
Mandible: bony lower part of the jaw.
First rib: first bone of the thoracic cage.
Sternum: bone connected to the front of the ribs of the thoracic cage.
False ribs: the eight, ninth and tenth ribs of the thoracic cage, which protect the lower part of the lungs.
Ilium: bone of the pelvic girdle, comprised of the fusion of the ilium, the ischium and the pubic bone.
Coccyx: bone comprised of the fused, atrophied vertebrae at the end of the sacrum.
Sacrum: bone that is jointed with the hip bone to form the pelvis.
Floating ribs: last two ribs of the thoracic cage.
Ribs: bones forming the thoracic cage.
Scapula: bone of the back of the shoulder.
Clavicle: bone of the shoulder girdle, between the sternum and the scapula.
Rachis: spinal column.
Mastoid: protuberance behind the ear.
Occipital: bone forming the lower back part of the skull.
Temporal: bone of the temple.
Parietal: bones forming the sides and top of the skull.

Skull
Skull (anterior view): bony case of the brain of vertebrates.
Superciliary arch: arch like bone situated at eyebrows level.
Frontal bone: bone of the forehead.
Glabella: part of the skull between the eyebrows.
Orbital cavity: hollow part of the skull which contains the eye.
Malar or zygomatic bone: cheek bone.
Anterior nasal spine: long, projecting part of the nasal bone.
Maxilla: bony upper part of the jaw.
Body of the mandible: bony upper part of the jaw.
Mental process: the part of the mandible that forms the chin.
Alveolar part: edge of the buccal cavity, into which the teeth are set.
Mental foramen: cavity of the chin.
Body of the mandible: main part of the mandible.
Nasal cavity: skull opening related to the nose.
Ramus: bony part connecting the mandible to the skull.
Supraorbital foramen: cavity below the orbit.
Zygomaticofacial foramen: cavity related to the cheek.
Infraorbital margin: lower edge of the orbit.
Fossa for lacrimal sac: opening of the tear duct.
Supraorbital arch: arched bone forming the upper part of the orbit.
Supra-orbital foramen: opening above the upper part of the orbit.

Rachis
Vertebral column or rachis (profile view): bony axis of vertebrates, comprised of the set of vertabrae from the base of the skull to the pelvis.
5 fused vertebrae: the vertebrae that form the end of the spine, the coccyx.
Coccyx region: bone comprised of the fused, atrophied vertebrae at the end of the sacrum.
Sacral region: bone that is jointed with the hip bone to form the pelvis.
Lumbar region: the part of the spine in the area of the loins (5 vertabrae).
Thoracic region: the part of the spine in the area of the thoracic cage (12 vertebrae).
Cervical region: the part of the spine in the area of the neck (7 vertebrae).

Nose
External nose: organ of smell, situated on the face between the mouth and the forehead.
Dorsum of nose: ridge of the nose.
Tip of nose: fleshy part between the nostrils.
Philtrum: vertical furrow between the nose and the upper lip.
Labial commissure: corners of the mouth, between the upper and lower lips.
Naris: opening of the nostril.
Ala: side of the nose.

Oral cavity
Oral cavity: opening or hollow part of the mouth.
Frenulum of lip: cutaneous fold of the lips.
Tonsil (pharyngeal): lymphoid organ in the throat.
Palatopharyngeal arch: rear membrane holding the tonsil in place.
Palatoglossal arch: front membrane holding the tonsil in place.
Uvula: fleshy appendage that closes the nasal fossae during swallowing.

Taste

Taste: sense that perceives flavors using the taste-buds of the tongue in human being.
Oropharynx: part of the pharynx in the area of the mouth.
Vertical branch of the mandible: division of the lower jaw aligned vertically with the body.
Palatine tonsil: type of tonsil (2) situated on one side or other of the isthmus of fauces.
Lingual tonsil: type of tonsil situated at the base of the tongue.
Tongue: organ of taste.
Inferior dental arch: set of teeth of the lower jaw.
Lip: external part of the mouth covering the teeth.
Filiform papillae: papillae that are not made up of taste-buds.
Circumvallate papillae: 6 to 12 papillae near the base of the tongue.
Fungiform papillae: mushroom-shaped papillae, about 200 in number, situated chiefly at the sides and centre on the tongue.
Epiglottis: a fold of cartilage that closes the glottis during swallowing.
Vocal cords: upper organs of speech.


Tongue
Tongue (lower surface): fleshy, mobile organ situated in the mouth of humans, used to taste, swallow and speak.
Superior dental arch: set of teeth of the upper jaw.
Sublingual fringe: fringe beneath the tongue.
Lingual vein: vein of the tongue.
Sublingual protuberance: a projection under the teeth.
Openings of the ducts of the submandibular and sublingual salivary glands: papillae situated beneath the tongue.
Lower lip: lower external part of the mouth, covering the tongue.
Frenulum of the tongue: membrane that prevents a person from swallowing his or her tongue.
Upper lip: upper external part of the mouth, coverint the teeth.

Digestive system
Digestive system: set of organs involved in the digestion of food.
Pharynx: part of the digestive tract between the mouth and the esophagus.
Esophagus: part of the digestive tract between the larynx and the cardia of the stomach.
Stomach: pocket-like part of the digestive tract, where food is mixed and stored.
Pancreas (tail): gland connected to the digestive tract which produces digestive enzymes.
Duodenum: beginning of the small intestine.
Small intestine: part of the digestive tract between the stomach and the large intestine.
Descending colon: part of the large intestine in which food travels downward.
Sigmoid: last part of the descending colon.
Anus: end of the large intestine, through which the human body expels solid waste.
Rectum: last part of the large intestine, between the sigmoid colon and the anus.
Appendix: hollow diverticulum fastened to the caecum.
Cecum: blind gut formed by the part of the large intestine between the small intestine and the ascending colon.
Ascending colon: part of the large intestine where food travels upward.
Transverse colon: part of the large intestine where food travels horizontally.
Gallbladder: small sac that contains the bile.
Liver: digestive gland that produces bile.
Tooth: organ set in the jaws and used to cut and crush food.
Tongue: organ of taste.

Finger nail
Finger nail: thin, flat, horny part covering the top of the end of the toes and fingers in a large number of vertebrates.
Cuticle: small thin skin.
Eponchium: cuticular fold.
Lunula: white, crescent-shaped area at the base of the nail.
Nail: horny plate on the dorsal surface of the end of a finger.

Dental arch
Dental arch of adult: arching organ, composed of teeth, on the edges of the maxillae. It includes the incisors, the canines, the premolars and the molars.
Incisors (4): single-rooted teeth used for biting and cutting.
Canines (2): pointed teeth between the premolars and the incisors.
Molars (6): large teeth used for grinding.
Premolars (4): teeth between the canines and the molars.
Mandible (16 teeth): bony lower part of the jaw.
Maxilla (16 teeth): bony upper part of the jaw.

Eye
Eye (right): organ of sight composed mainly of eyelids, eyelashes, the lachrymal gland and the eyeball.
Lacrimal duct (lacrimal caruncle): fleshy outgrowth in the inner corner of the eye.
Eyebrow: hair-covered ridge over the orbit.
Conjunctiva (bulbar): thin, translucent membrane covering the eyeball.
Lacrimal puncta: minute orifices related to tears.
Lower eyelid: muscular tissue covering and protecting the lower part of the front of the eye.
Eyelashes: hairs along the edge of the eyelids.
Iris: coloured part of the eye.
Pupil: aperture in the centre of the iris.
Upper eyelid: muscular tissue covering and protecting the upper part of the front of the eye.

Ear
External, middle, internal ear: one of two organs of hearing on the sides of the head, comprised of internal and external parts.
External ear: visible part of the ear.
Auricle: outer part of the external ear.
External auditory meatus: canal of the temporal bone that carries sounds to the eardrum.
Eardrum: membrane of the external ear that transmits air vibrations to the middle ear.
Internal ear: deepest part of the ear.
Semi-circular canans: crescent-shaped tubes.
External: semicircular tube closest to the external ear.
Posterior: middle semicircular tube.
Anterior: semicircular tube deepest in the ear.
Vestibuli: cavity of the internal ear.
Cochlea: part of the internal ear that converts sound vibrations to nerve impulses.
Auridory nerve: nerve related to hearing.
Eustachian tube: canal that allows equalization of air pressure on both sides of the eardrum.
Middle ear: part of the ear between the internal and external ears.
Stapes (stirrup): ossicle of the middle ear connected to the incus.
Incus (anvil): middle ossicle of the middle ear.
Malleus (hammer): first ossicle of the middle ear.
External acoustic meatus: canal of the temporal bone that carries sounds to the eardrum.

Nasal and oral cavities
Nasal and oral cavities: opening or hollow parts of the nose and mouth.
Superior nasal concha: bony layer folded onto itself in the upper part of the nasopharynx.
Sphenoidal sinus: cavity in the area of the sphenoid.
Nasopharynx: part of the pharynx in the area of the nose.
Maxillary process: outgrowth of the upper jaw that is part of the nasopharynx.
Hard palate: arch of the palate.
Tongue: organ of taste.
Oropharynx: part of the pharynx in the area of the mouth.
Epiglottis: a fold of cartilage that closes the glottis during swallowing.
Vertebral column: the spine.
Laryngopharynx: part of the pharynx in the area of the larynx.
Esophagus: part of the digestive tract between the larynx and the cardia of the stomach.
Trachea: tube connecting the larynx and the bronchi.
Lateral incisive: tooth used for biting and cutting. It has a single root and is situated at the side of the jaw.
Entrance of nose: cavity of the nostril.
Inferior nasal concha: bony layer folded onto itself situated in the lower part of the nasopharynx.
Middle nasal concha: bony layer folded onto itself situated in the middle part of the nasopharynx.
Frontal sinus: cavity in the area of the forehead.


Pregnancy
Full term pregnancy (fetus at term): implantation of a fertilized egg in the uterus.
Vertebral column: bony vertical axis extending from the skull to the pelvis.
Sacrum: bone that is jointed with the hipbone to form the pelvis.
Rectum: last part of the large intestine, between the sigmoid and the anus.
Urinary bladder: pocket in which urine collects.
Vagina: internal female genital organ, between the vulva and the uterus.
Symphysis pubis: semi-mobile pubic joint.
External cervical bone: external opening of the neck of the uterus.
Internal cervical bone: internal opening of the neck of the uterus.
Fetus: the gestation of a baby.
Uterus: female genital organ that contains the fertilized egg during its development.
Placenta: organ that connect a fetus to the body of its mother during its development.

Cleavage  of a sygote
Cleavage of zygote: cell resulting from fertilization. In dividing, the egg becomes a new being.
Ovum: female reproductive cell.
Two cells: part of its intrauterine growth when the ovule consists of two cells.
Four cells: part of its intrauterine growth when the ovule consists of four cells.
Eight cells: part of its intrauterine growth when the ovule consists of eight cells.
Blastomere stage (mass of cells): part of its intrauterine growth when the ovule consists of more than eight cells.
Blastocyst: part of the development of the egg where the dividing cells form a sac.
Amniotyc cavity: pocket filled with amniotic fluid.
Embryonic disk: round, flat form related to the embryo.
Connecting stalk: tissue that holds the embryo in place.
Embryo: organism in midst of development.
Chrionic villi: velvety surface of the placenta.
Yolk sac: pocket containing the vitellus.
Umbilical cord: cord connecting the fetus to the placenta.
Allantois: one of three accessory parts of the embryo.
Heart: blood-pumping organ.
Digestive tract developing: the beginning of the development of the digestive tract.
Anterior disgestive tube: terminal part of the cloaqua.
Chorion: external embryonic menbrane.

Sperm
Sperm (cell): male gamete composed of a head and a flagellum.
Acrosome: organelle situated a the point of the head of a spermatozoid.
Neck: part of a spermatozoid between the head and the body.
Tail: end of a spermatozoid.
Middle piece: main part of a spermatozoid.
Head: important end of a spermatozoid.

Male genital organs
Male genital organs: set of sexual organs involved in human reproduction.
Prostate: gland secreting one of the components of sperm.
Seminal vesicle: small sac related to the semen.
Rectovesical pouch: bottom of the recto-vesical cavity.
Rectal fold: fold related to the rectum.
Rectum: final part of the large intestine, between the sigmoid and the anus.
Prostate urethra: conduit related to the prostate.
Bulbourethral gland: gland related to the bulb and the urethra.
Anus: end of the large intestine, through which the human body expels solid waste.
Bulb of penis: enlargement of the penis.
Sctotum: small sac under the penis containing the testicles.
Testicle: spermatozoa-producing gland.
Epididymus: canal through which the sperm passes.
External urethral orifice: end of the urethra.
Prepuce (foreskin): cutaneous fold covering the glans penis.
Glans: enlarged end of the penis.
Spongy body: spongy tissue.
Penis: external sexual organ of a man.
Ductus deferens: tube carrying sperm out of the penis.
Urethra: small tube through which the human body expels liquid waste.
Corpus cavernosum (cavernous body): more or less empty space.
Symphysis pubis: semi-mobile pubic joint.
Urinary bladder: pocket in which urine collects.

Breast
Breast (sagittal section): gland secreting mother’s milk.
Pectoralis major muscle: large muscle of the chest.
Superficial fascia: superficial membrane of a breast.
Areola: muscle related to the nipple.
Nipple: conical bump that forms the point of the breast.
Lactiferous sinus: cavity for milk.
Lactiferous duct: milk tube.
Adipose tissue (fatty tissue): tissue formed of fat.
Glandular lobe: gland.

Female genital organs
Female genital organs: set of sexual organs involved in reproduction.
Sacrum: bone jointed with the hipbone to form the pelvis.
Vesicouterine pouch: bottom the the vesicouterine cavity.
Uterus: female genital organ that contains the fertilized egg during its development.
Sigmoid: final part of the descending colon.
Rectouterine pouch: bottom of the rectouterine cavity.
Posterior vaginal fornix: back end of the vaginal cavity.
Rectum: final part of the large intestine, between the sigmoid and the anus.
Cervix (neck of the womb): narrow part of the uterus.
Anus: end of the large intestine, through which the human body expels solid waste.
Anterior vaginal fornix: front end of the vaginal cavity.
Labia minora: one of two cutaneous folds situated within the labia majora.
Vagina: internal female genital organ, between the vulva and the uterus.
Orifice of urethra: end of the urethra.
Clitoris: erectile organ situated in the upper part of the vulva.
Mons veneris: eminence situated at the front of the female pubis, covered with hair from puberty onwards. Also called the mons pubis.
Eternal urethral sphincter: muscle used to open and close the urethra.
Neck of the urinary bladder: narrow part of the bladder.
Symphysis pubis: semi-mobile pubic joint.
Urinary bladder: pocket in which urine collects.
Ovary: one of two egg-producing genital glands.
Fallopian tube (uterine tube): conduit between the ovary and the uterus.
Suspensory ligament of ovary: tissue that holds the ovary in place.

Heart
Heart: four-chambered, egg-shaped muscular organ. The central apparatus of blood circulation.
Aortic valve: tissue that prevent blood from flowing backwards in the left ventricle.
Opening of the coronary artery: place where the coronary artery is attached to the heart.
Aorta: principal artery.
Opening of the pulmonary veins: place where the pulmonary veins are attached to the heart.
Left pulmonary arteries: vessels carrying blood from the heart to the left lung.
Left pulmonary veins: vessels carrying blood from the left lung to the heart.
Left atrium: upper left chamber of the heart.
Mitral valve (bicuspid valve): tissue that prevents blood from flowing backward from the left ventricle to the left atrium.
Entry of the aorta: place where the aorta is attached to the heart.
Left ventricle: lower left chamber of the heart.
Interventricular septum: partition separating the ventricles.
Right ventricle: lower right chamber of the heart.
Inferior vena cava: vessel that returns unoxygenated blood to the heart from the lower part of the body.
Triscupid valve: tissue that prevents blood from flowing backward from the right ventricle to the right atrium.
Opening of the coronary vein: place where the coronary vein attaches to the heart.
Right atrium: upper right chamber of the heart.
Semi-lunar pulmonary valve: tissue that prevents the blood from flowing backwards in the right ventricle.
Right pulmonary veins: vessels carrying blood from the right lung to the heart.
Superior vena cava: vessel that returns unoxygenated blood to the heart from the upper part of the body.
Right pulmonary arteries: vessels carrying blood from the heart to the right lung.

Urinary system
Urinary system: set of organs producing urine in human beings, comprised chiefly of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra.
Left suprarenal gland: cap covering the upper part of the left kidney.
Common iliac vein: vein carrying unoxygenated blood from the limbs and lower organs to the heart.
Celiac trunk: branching of the aorta feeding the abdominal viscera.
Left kidney: left blood-purifying organ.
Left renal vein: vein connecting the left kidney and the inferior vena cava.
Abdominal aorta: part of the aorta feeding the organs of the abdomen.
Erethra: small tube through which a human being expels liquid waste.
Urinary bladder: pocket in which urine collects.
Iliac vein and artery: blood vessels in the flank region.
Ureter: tube carrying urine from the kidney to the bladder.
Renal pelvis: part of the kidney situated at the junction of the calyces and leading to the ureter.
Malpighi’s pyramid: glomerules of the kidney.
Calyx: excretory cavity in the pelvis of a kidney.
Medulla: matter forming the central part of a kidney.
Cortex: matter of the cortex of the suprarenal gland.
Section of the right kidney: graphic representation of the interior of the right blood-purifying organ.
Section of the right suprarenal gland: graphic representation of the interior of the suprarenal gland.

Respiratory apparatus
Respiratory apparatus: set of organs of respiration.
Nasal cavity: chamber of the nose.
Oral cavity: chamber of the mouth.
Epiglottis: fold of cartilage that closes the glottis during swallowing.
Trachea: tube connecting the larynx to the bronchi.
Cartilage: crest that separates the openings of the right and left bronchi.
Left lung: left respiratory organ.
Oblique fissure: separation between the two pulmonary lobes.
Diaphragm: large, thin muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen.
Esophagus: part of the digestive tract between the pharynx and the cardia of the stomach.
Alveola: small pulmonary cavity where gas exchange takes place.
Right lung: right respiratory organ.
Right bronchus: tube connecting the larynx to the lungs.
Terminal bronchiole: division of the bronchus that ends in a cluster of alveola.
Larynx: voice organ situated between the pharynx and the trachea.
Pharynx: part of the digestive tube between the mouth and the esophagus.

Lacrymal apparatus

Lacrimal apparatus: set of organs producing the tears.
Lacrimal gland: part of the tear gland inside the orbit.
Palpebral ligament: set of connective fibres on the side of the eyelids.
Lacrimal caruncle: minute orifices related to tears.
Nasal cacity: fossa of the nose.
Inferior nasal concha: bony layer rolled onto itself in the lower part of the nasal cavity.
Nasolacrimal duct: tube carrying tears to the nasal fossae.
Lacrimal sac: pocket related to the tears.
Lacrimal canal: tear ducts.

Eyeball
Eyeball: organ of sight comprised principally of the iris, the lens, the pupil and the cornea.
Tendon: tissue connecting the orbicular muscle of the eyelids to the bony part of the orbit.
Orbit: one of two skull cavities containing the eyeballs.
Infraorbital fatly tissue: fatty tissue on the inside of the orbit.
Extrinsic skeletal muscle of the eye: eye muscles attached to the outer wall of the eyeball.
Optic nerve: conductor of nerve impulses in the eye.
Episcleral space: interstice between the eyeball and the capsule of Tenon.
Crystalline lens: part of the eye behind the pupil that focuses light rays onto the retina.
Cornea: front part of the eye, an extension of the sclera.
Inferior tarsus: muscles that draw the lower eyelids inward.
Eyelashes: hairs along the edge of the eyelids.
Eyeball: sphere forming the eye.
Limbus: peripheral structure of an organ.
Tarsal glands: glands related to the muscles that draw the eyelids inward.
Conjunctiva: thin, translucent membrane covering the eyeball.
Superior tarsus: muscles that draw the upper eyelids inward.
Conjunctival corners (fornix): upper limit of the conjunctiva.
Orbital septum: division between the two skull cavities containing the eyes.
Orbicularis oris: muscle that closes the eyelids.
Conjunctiva: part of the conjunctiva that covers an unexposed part of the eyeball.

Bones of the hand
Bones of the hand (dorsal view): a hard, solid organ of the skeleton of the hand in vertebrates. The human hand is at the end of the arm and is composed of five digits.
Index: second finger of the hand, next to the thumb.
Second finger: middle finger of the hand.
Third finger: second finger from the outside of the hand.
Fourth finger: small finger closest to the outside of the hand.
Distal phalanx: bone at the end of a finger.
Middle phalanx: small, middle bone of a finger.
Proximal phalanx: small bone of a finger, closest to the palm of the hand.
Phalanges: jointed segment of a finger.
Metacarpal bones: bones of the hand between the carpals and the phalanges.
Carpometacarpal joint (CM): joint of the carpus and metacarpus.
Carpal bones: jointed parts of the hand between the forearm and the metacarpals.
Thumb: the largest, shortest and most important of the digits of the hand.
Metacarpophalangeal joint (MP): joint between the metacarpals and the phalanges.
Interphalangeal joint (IP): joint between the first and second phalanges.
Interphalangeal joint (IP): joint between the second and third phalanges.

4 thoughts on “Human Body

  1. محمد الراضي

    الصراحة الموقع جميل جدا جدا
    تحياتنا لكم انشاء الله ابداع اكثر

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