Transport Veichles

Automobile
Automobile: road vehicle that is motor-driven and is used for transporting people.
Trunk: place for stowing baggage.
Tail light: rear light.
Back fender: side rear part of the body that covers the wheel.
Quarter window: window pane situated approximately above the rear wheel.
Roof post: vertical structure that supports the top of the car.
Window: mounted pane of glass.
Door handle: part of the door used to open it.
Door: opening used to enter the passenger compartment.
Outside mirror: external mirror used for looking backwards.
Door post: vertical structures that encase the windows.
Hub cap: piece of metal covering the hubs.
Wheel: round object that turns around a central axel and allows the car to advance.
Front fender: side fore part of the body that covers the wheel.
Shield: movable apparatus that protects against bumps.
Indicator light: amber light that is used to signal changes in the car’s direction.
License plate: piece of metal that carries a number used to identify the automobile.
Bumper: apparatus at the front and rear of a vehicle that protects the body from minor bumps.
Head light: front light of a car.
Grill: plastic or metal decoration over the radiator.
Hood: cover of the engine compartment at the front of a car.
Windshield wiper: movable device, made partly of rubber, that wipes the windshield and rear window of a car.
Outside mirror: external mirror used for looking backwards.
Windshield: the front window of a car.
Sun roof: movable part that allows the roof of a car to be partially opened.
Roof: upper part of a car, covering the passenger compartment.
Anatomy of an automobile
Anatomy of an automobile: road vehicle that is motor-driven and is used for transporting people.
Trunk: place for stowing baggage.
Tail light: rear light.
Spare wheel: wheel of a car used to replace a damaged wheel.
Wheel: round object that turns around a central axel and allows the car to advance.
Transmission: automobile apparatus that transmits mechanical power to the wheels.
Muffler: device used to reduce engine noise.
Line shaft: axle on which mechanical power is transmitted to the wheels.
Body side moulding: decorative moulding on the side of a car.
Disk brake: mechanism that slows and stops a car by friction, by pressing a disk against the axel of a wheel.
Oil filter: device that removes impurities from oil passing through it.
Alternator: generator that produces an alternating current.
Radiator: apparatus that cools the motor.
Distributor: case that is used to fire the cylinders.
Battery: device that generates electric current.
Air filter: device that remove impurities from air passing trough it.
Windshield washer: liquid used to clean the windows.
Steering wheel: device used to handle a car in conjuction with steering and gear systems.
Windshield wiper: movable device, made partly of rubber, that wipes the windshield and rear window of a car.
Seat: type of armchair in the passenger compartment of a car.
Window frame: border around a window.
Rearview mirror: inside mirror used for looking backward.

Automobile (view from below)
Automobile (view from below): road vehicle that is motor-driven and is used for transporting people.
Radiator: apparatus that cools the motor.
Power steering: mechanism that automatically amplifies the movements of the steering wheel.
Line shaft: axle on which mechanical power is transmitted to the wheels.
Exhaust system: network of pipes through which spent gas is expelled.
Differential: gear system connecting the two axles of a car.
Gas tank: container used for storing extra gas.
Rear axle: bar that crosses the bottom rear part of a vehicle. The rear wheels are attached to its ends.
Shock absorber: device for reducing shocks.
Tire: band of rubber composed of a casing of textile and iron, covered with rubber and containing a air tube.
Hydraulic converter: device using static energy to modify the electric current.
Transmission: device carrying engine power to axles.
Crankcase: metal envelope protecting the clutch.
Oil pan: liquid tight metal envelope containing oil.
Master cylinder: type of container in which the piston is moving.



Types of bodies

Types of bodies: shell forming the exterior of a car.
Hatchback: two-door passenger compartment with a door at the back.
Sports car: small, two-seated automobile.
Four-door sedan: passenger compartment with four doors and four side windows.
Limousine: large, six-seated passenger compartment.
Convertible: car with a removable roof.
Hardtop: two-door passenger compartment.
Van: small vehicle used to carry baggage; a small van.
Pick-up truck: a small truck.

Automobile engine
Automobile engine: apparatus that converts fuel to mechanical energy to power a car.
Air filter: device that removes impurities from air passing trough it.
PVC hose: vinyl tube.
Filter hole: cylindrical part forming the opening of the oil container.
Cylinder head cover: removable cover on the upper part of the motor.
Spark plug cable: cable connecting the spark plug to the distributor cap.
Spark plug cover: spark plug cover.
Spark plug: ignition device of an internal combustion engine.
Exhaust manifold: system that collects spent gases.
Dip stick: instrument that measures the level of oil in a motor.
Flywheel: wheel that, while turning, regulates the speed of the engine.
Engine block: set consisting the motor, the clutch and the gearbox.
Exhaust pipe: pipe through which spent gas is expelled.
Oil filter: device that removes impurities from oil passing through it.
Gas line: network of hoses that transports the gas.
Gas pump: device that moves gas from the gas tank to the engine.
Oil drain plug: cylindrical part that is removed to drain oil from the engine.
Radiator hose: treated rubber tube that connects the lines of a combustion engine.
Pulley: small wheel with a grooved rim, bitted with a belt, that turns the cooling fan.
Fan belt: piece of rubber that wraps around the pulleys and turns the cooling fan.
Water pump: device that circulates water through the radiator.
Fan: apparatus that feed in oxygen the engine’s combustion.
Alternator: generator that enables current in both directions.
Distributor: case that enables engine’s ignition.
Valve spring: mechanism that keeps the valve closed.

Intersection
An intersection: the crossing of several roads or traffic lanes.
Street lamp: lighting apparatus, mounted on supports, that illuminates a public road.
Traffic lights: light signals that direct traffic.
Building: important building divided into apartments or offices.
Drain: opening that carries away rainwater.
Sidewalk: raised passage on the side of the road for pedestrian traffic.
Boulevard: large, important street usually planted with trees.
Traffic island: spot usually in the middle of the roadway where pedestrians are protected from the flow of traffic.
Crosswalk: path pedestrians must use to cross a road.
Bus stop: sign panel that designates a space reserved for buses and for embarking or disembarking passengers.
Bus: large vehicle used for public transport.
Water hydrant: marker and water outlet.
Avenue: large urban street usually lined with streets but less important than a boulevard.

Bicycle
Bicycle: two-wheeled vehicle operated by pedals.
Rear caliper brake: piece that joins the different parts of the rear brake.
Seat post: metal tube that holds the seat.
Saddle: seat.
Cross bar: cylinder that connects the seat tube and the head tube.
Handlebar stem: metal tube used to steer the front wheel.
handle bars: metal tube used for steering.
Brake cable: braided steel cable used to control the brakes.
Brake lever: device used to operate the brake.
Head tube: cylinder that holds the handlebars and which connects the crossbar to the down tube.
Front caliper brake: piece that joins the different parts of the front brake.
Derailleur gear changer: lever used to shift the chain on a multi-speed bicycle.
Fork: piece formed of two parallel tubes, between which the wheel is fixed.
Down tube: cylinder onto which the crank gear is attached and which connects the down tube to the seat tube.
Spoke: long, thin piece of metal connecting the rim of a wheel to its hub.
Hub: central part crossed by the axle.
Rim: circle of metal forming the edge of a wheel.
Tire: hollow, air-filled casing made of rubber-covered fabric and steel.
Tire valve: system used to regulate the air in a tire.
Wheel: round object that turns around a central axle to allow the bicycle to advance.
Pedal: footed operated system used to propel a bicycle.
Crank arm: arm perpendicular to an axle, used to give it circular motion.
Drive chain: set of metal links that is used to transmit motion.
Rear derailleur: apparatus used to transfer the chain from one gear to another, situated at the rear of a bicycle.
Chain stay: part on which the bicycle rests.
Front derailleur: apparatus used to transfer the chain from one gear to another, situated at the front of a bicycle.
Seat tube: cylinder to which the seat is attached and which connects the down tube to the crossbar.

Airliner
Airliner: aerial transport apparatus that is heavier than air and is equipped with wings and engines.
Fin: device that prevents an aircraft from drifting.
Rudder: apparatus used to turn an aircraft.
Tail: tapered rear part of the fuselage.
Horizontal stabilizer: device that automatically corrects errors and deviations, and stabilizes the aircraft.
Elevator: device used to regulate the altitude of an aircraft.
Passenger cabin: section used aircraft travelers.
Fuel tank: container in which fuel is stored.
Aileron: movable flap on the trailing edge of the wing, operated by the control stick that allows an aircraft to bank.
Navigation light: rear corner marker light.
Balances aileron: movable auxiliary part on the trailing edge of the wing that allows an aircraft to bank.
Landing flap: movable part on the trailing edge of the wing of an aircraft to allow modifications to flight conditions.
Baggage compartment: compartment where baggage is stored.
Nose: front part of an aircraft.
Flight deck: cubicle reserved for the operation of an aircraft.
Porthole: small, round, sealed window.
Turbo-jet engine: gas turbine engine, the turbine of which is activated by exhaust gases.
Wing: each of two lateral planes of an aircraft, which provide lift and balance.

Gasoline pump
Gasoline pump: device used to dispense gas to car drivers.
Pump nozzle: apparatus at the end of the pump hose for pouring gas.
Trash can: garbage container.
Windshield washer: squeegee.
Pump attendant: person who pump gas.
Safety post: metal post that prevent car from coming too close to the gas pumps.
Oil display rack: storage rack for oil containers.


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