PARTS OF MUSIC INSTRUMENTS

Traditional instruments 1

Traditional instruments (1 of 3): musical instruments of different cultures.
Pan-pipe: set of pipes of different lengths attached together and with closed ends.
Concertina: hexagonal shaped instrument with a bellow and two identical keyboards.
Alp horn: hollow wooden long tube originally used in swiss to gather livestock.
Irish harp: small instrument with a metal plate which vibrates to produce a sound.

Traditional instruments (2 of 3)

Traditional instruments (2 of 3): musical instruments of different cultures.
Harmonica: free reed wind instrument in which air is blown to produce the notes.
Metal cover: used to manipulate the instrument and also act as a resonator to amplify the sounds.
Blowholes: place where the air is blown or inhaled to produce the notes.
Wooden body: contains the holes where the air travels to the reeds.
Mandolin: plucked string instrument with a pear-shaped body.
Neck: part of the guitar where strings are pressed to produce the notes.
Soundhole: hole from where the sound exits.
Rounded body: hollow part that amplifies the sounds
Bridge: piece that supports the strings and transmits the vibrations to the body.
Tailpiece: piece to which the strings are attached.
Peg: small button used to control the tension of the strings.
Volute: wooden scrolled piece at the end of the neck.

European folklore

European folklore: traditional instruments native from europe.
Gusta: spanish stringed instrument.
Double flute: instrument with two pipes that can be played together or separately.
Dulcimer: celtic stringed instrument.
Tiple: wind instrument related to the oboe.

Indian instruments

Indian instruments: traditional instruments native from india.
Sarangi: stringed instrument played with a bow.
Tabla: kind of drum with a timbale.
Shehnai: wind double reed instrument.
Zither: stringed instrument with sympathic strings as well.

Chinese instruments

Chinese instruments: traditional instruments native from china.
Phach: wood slats that are hit together to produce a tempo.
Zither: plucked string instrument without a neck.
: instrument on which a bamboo stick is rubbed to produce sounds.
Sheng: wind free reed instrument.
Stone chimes: percussion instrument composed of stones.

Japanese instruments

Japanese instruments: traditional instruments native from japan.
Shakuhachi: bamboo flute.
Koto: 13 strings zither.
Wooden fish: drum with a hole hit with a wood stick.
Shamisen: 3 strings instrument.

African instruments

African instruments: traditional musical instruments native from africa.
Lute: african guitar.
Sanza: a small thumb piano which lamellas are depressed and released to produce the sound.
Balafon: xylophone with gourds as resonators.
Ivory horn: wind instrument made of an elephant tusk and used for hunting.
Armpit drum: drum made of wood and animal skin hold under the arm to play

Drum set

Drum set: percussion instrument composed of a set of drums and cymbals.
Ride cymbal: circular brass plate producing treble sounds.
Snare drum: drum producing a sharp rattling sound.
Lug: enable to adjust the membrane of the drum to a desired tension.
Bass drum: the biggest drum of the set, it produces a deep low sound.
Percussion sticks: instruments used to hit the drums and cymbals to produce different sounds.
Tripod stand: three-legged support.
Rack toms: pair of drums.
High-hat cymbals: pair of cymbals which produce a sound when operating a pedal that makes the upper cymbal hits the lower cymbal. The pedal also allows to modify a sound when the upper cymbal is hit with a percussion stick.
Tension post: screw used to adjust the length of a sound.

Accordion

Accordion: portable free reed instrument with a bellow.
Bellow: part that controls the air which makes the reed vibrate.
Bass register: buttons that plays the bass notes.
Bass button: system that transmits air from the bellow to the reeds, which produce the sound.
Treble keyboard: button that plays the treble notes.
Grill: place where circulate air and sound.
Treble register: buttons that plays the treble notes.

Organ action

Organ action: organ internal operation.
Pipe: cylinder equipped with a whistle or a reed.
Rack board: pierced board that maintains the pipes vertically.
Upper board: pierced wooden piece that receives the pipes base to prevent the air from escaping.
Slider: allows to choose the pipes row and the notes to be heard.
Valve spring: spring that allows to open or close a valve.
Wind trunk: pipes that brings the air towards the slider.
Stop rod: mechanism allowing to operate the slider.
Tracker: mobile rod linking the key to the valve.
Key: part of the keyboard that is pressed to produce a note.
Valve: trap that is operated to get a note. There is a valve for each note for each keyboard.
Bearer: guides between which the slider is slided.

Piano

Piano: stringed instrument played with a keyboard that makes hammers strike tuned strings to produce the sounds.
Lid: part of the piano that protects internal parts from dust or oxidation when closed. To play piano, the lid stays open.
Wooden body: resonance casing.
Sustain pedal: allows to maintain the sound longer.
Sostenuto pedal: allows to maintain the sound produced before pressing on this pedal.
Damper pedal: allows to soften the sound.
Keyboard: set of keys that are pressed and depressed to play piano.
Music stand: score support.

Harp

Harp: asymmetrical triangular instrument having different length strings that are plucked to play.
Neck: upper part of the harp containing the tuning pins.
Tuning pin: small button used to control the tension of the strings.
Soundbox: hollow part that amplifies the sounds.
Pedal: device that alters the sound of notes.
Foot: support for the harp.
Pedestal: piece that assembles the neck to the body and on which the foot is fastened.
Pillar: piece that supports the tension of the strings.

Classical guitar

Classical guitar: six strings instrument which actual shape originates from 19th century.
Headstock: part at the top of the neck where the pegs are located.
Peg: small button used to control the tension of the strings.
Fret: metal piece that marks the position of the notes.
Neck: part of the guitar where strings are pressed to produce the notes.
Heel: piece that fasten the neck to the body of the guitar.
Rib: piece of wood between the body and the bottom.
Bridge: piece that supports the strings and transmits the vibrations to the body.
Hollow wooden body: hollow part that amplifies the sounds.
Rosette: wooden pattern around the soundhole.

Violin

Violin (exploded views): bowed stringed instrument placed between the chin and the clavicle to play. It has a treble pitch.
Head: part to which the hair is attached. Stradivarius violins are among the most sought-after musical instruments in the world.
Hair: piece with taut horsehair strands that is pulled across the strings to produce the sounds.
Chord mechanism: mechanism that allows to control the tension of the strings.
Neck: part of the violin where strings are pressed to produce the notes.
Volute: wooden scrolled piece at the end of the neck.
Peg: small button used to control the tension of the strings.
Back plate: bottom of the body.
Body: hollow part that amplifies the sounds.
Soundhole: hole from where the sound exits.
Soundboard: part of the body that amplifies the sounds.
Fingerboard: part of the neck where the strings are pressed to produce the notes.
Tailpiece: piece to which the strings are attached.
Bridge: piece where the strings sit and that transmits the vibrations to the soundboard.
Frog: piece that allows to control the tension of the hair.
Stick: wooden stick, slightly incurved, to which is stretched a hair.

Brass instruments

A few brass instruments: wind family instruments made of different length curved tubes. The musician makes its lips vibrating by blowing in the mouthpiece to produce the sounds.
Trumpet: brass instrument having 3 valves and producing up to 12 notes.
Tuba: instrument made of a curves tube ending with a bell, it produces the most bass sounds of the brass family instruments.
French horn: conical brass instrument made with a tube coiled in a circle and ending in a flared bell.
Trombone: brass instrument generally having a slide to produce a variety of sounds.

Trumpet

Trumpet: brass instrument having 3 valves and producing up to 12 notes.
Bell: flared end part of the instrument.
Tuning slide: allows to change the tube length and then modify the pitch.
Water key: tube allowing the saliva to evacuate.
Third valve tube: segment that gets the tube longer making the pitch tone to be one tone and a half lower.
Mute: apparatus that can be placed in the bell in order to soften the sound.
Valve: mechanism that allows to change the tube length to produce different notes.
Second valve tube: segment that gets the tube longer making the pitch tone to be half a tone lower.
First valve tube: segment that gets the tube longer making the pitch tone to be one tone lower.
Mouthpiece: slim piece of a wind instrument that is placed between the lips.
Thumb rest: place to put the thumb in order to support the trumpet.
Finger button: button that actions the valve when pressed.
Little finger rest: place to put the little finger in order to support the trumpet.

Saxophone

Saxophone: wind instrument of the wood family with a reed.
Ligature: mechanism that fastens the reed on the mouthpiece.
Body: main part of the instrument.
Bell: flared end part of the instrument.
Key: allows to open or close a hole to produce the notes.
Thumb rest: place to put the thumb in order to support the saxophone.
Bell brace: clip fastening the bell to the body of the saxophone.
Octave mechanism: allows to change from one octave.
Mouthpiece: slim piece of a wind instrument that is placed between the lips.

Symphony orchestra

Symphony orchestra (philharmonie): large musicians ensemble playing musical work dating mostly from xviii century up to now.
Bass drum: the biggest drum of the set, it produces a deep low sound.
Trumpet: brass instrument having 3 valves and producing up to 12 notes.
Trombone: brass instrument generally having a slide to produce a variety of sounds.
Double bass: the largest instrument of the violins family, producing the most bass notes.
Cymbals: metal discs that are hit with a mallet or stick, or one on the other to produce a sound.
Tuba: instrument made of a curves tube ending with a bell, it produces the most bass sounds of the brass family instruments.
Bassoon: conical double reed instrument of the oboe family.
Oboe: woodwind double reed instrument with a conical bore.
Cello: violin shaped instrument, larger than a violin, that is placed upright between the knees to play.
Music stand: lectern that supports the score.
Viola: larger version of the violin producing notes of one octave lower.
Second violin: support the melody of the first violin. Usually plays the harmony.
First violin: plays the melody.
Recorder: instrument of which the sound is produced with a whistle mouthpiece.
Clarinet: reed instrument with a large flared bell.Woodwind double reed instrument with a conical bore.
French horn: conical brass instrument made with a tube coiled in a circle and ending in a flared bell.
Piano: stringed instrument played with a keyboard that makes hammers strike tuned strings to produce the sounds.
Harp: asymmetrical triangular instrument having different length strings that are plucked to play.

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