PARTS OF….

Bicycle

Bicycle: two-wheeled vehicle operated by pedals.
Rear caliper brake: piece that joins the different parts of the rear brake.
Seat post: metal tube that holds the seat.
Saddle: seat.
Cross bar: cylinder that connects the seat tube and the head tube.
Handlebar stem: metal tube used to steer the front wheel.
handle bars: metal tube used for steering.
Brake cable: braided steel cable used to control the brakes.
Brake lever: device used to operate the brake.
Head tube: cylinder that holds the handlebars and which connects the crossbar to the down tube.
Front caliper brake: piece that joins the different parts of the front brake.
Derailleur gear changer: lever used to shift the chain on a multi-speed bicycle.
Fork: piece formed of two parallel tubes, between which the wheel is fixed.
Down tube: cylinder onto which the crank gear is attached and which connects the down tube to the seat tube.
Spoke: long, thin piece of metal connecting the rim of a wheel to its hub.
Hub: central part crossed by the axle.
Rim: circle of metal forming the edge of a wheel.
Tire: hollow, air-filled casing made of rubber-covered fabric and steel.
Tire valve: system used to regulate the air in a tire.
Wheel: round object that turns around a central axle to allow the bicycle to advance.
Pedal: footed operated system used to propel a bicycle.
Crank arm: arm perpendicular to an axle, used to give it circular motion.
Drive chain: set of metal links that is used to transmit motion.
Rear derailleur: apparatus used to transfer the chain from one gear to another, situated at the rear of a bicycle.
Chain stay: part on which the bicycle rests.
Front derailleur: apparatus used to transfer the chain from one gear to another, situated at the front of a bicycle.
Seat tube: cylinder to which the seat is attached and which connects the down tube to the crossbar.

Anatomy of an automobile

Anatomy of an automobile: road vehicle that is motor-driven and is used for transporting people.
Trunk: place for stowing baggage.
Tail light: rear light.
Spare wheel: wheel of a car used to replace a damaged wheel.
Wheel: round object that turns around a central axel and allows the car to advance.
Transmission: automobile apparatus that transmits mechanical power to the wheels.
Muffler: device used to reduce engine noise.
Line shaft: axle on which mechanical power is transmitted to the wheels.
Body side moulding: decorative moulding on the side of a car.
Disk brake: mechanism that slows and stops a car by friction, by pressing a disk against the axel of a wheel.
Oil filter: device that removes impurities from oil passing through it.
Alternator: generator that produces an alternating current.
Radiator: apparatus that cools the motor.
Distributor: case that is used to fire the cylinders.
Battery: device that generates electric current.
Air filter: device that remove impurities from air passing trough it.
Windshield washer: liquid used to clean the windows.
Steering wheel: device used to handle a car in conjuction with steering and gear systems.
Windshield wiper: movable device, made partly of rubber, that wipes the windshield and rear window of a car.
Seat: type of armchair in the passenger compartment of a car.
Window frame: border around a window.
Rearview mirror: inside mirror used for looking backward.

Automobile engine

Automobile engine: apparatus that converts fuel to mechanical energy to power a car.
Air filter: device that removes impurities from air passing trough it.
PVC hose: vinyl tube.
Filter hole: cylindrical part forming the opening of the oil container.
Cylinder head cover: removable cover on the upper part of the motor.
Spark plug cable: cable connecting the spark plug to the distributor cap.
Spark plug cover: spark plug cover.
Spark plug: ignition device of an internal combustion engine.
Exhaust manifold: system that collects spent gases.
Dip stick: instrument that measures the level of oil in a motor.
Flywheel: wheel that, while turning, regulates the speed of the engine.
Engine block: set consisting the motor, the clutch and the gearbox.
Exhaust pipe: pipe through which spent gas is expelled.
Oil filter: device that removes impurities from oil passing through it.
Gas line: network of hoses that transports the gas.
Gas pump: device that moves gas from the gas tank to the engine.
Oil drain plug: cylindrical part that is removed to drain oil from the engine.
Radiator hose: treated rubber tube that connects the lines of a combustion engine.
Pulley: small wheel with a grooved rim, bitted with a belt, that turns the cooling fan.
Fan belt: piece of rubber that wraps around the pulleys and turns the cooling fan.
Water pump: device that circulates water through the radiator.
Fan: apparatus that feed in oxygen the engine’s combustion.
Alternator: generator that enables current in both directions.
Distributor: case that enables engine’s ignition.
Valve spring: mechanism that keeps the valve closed.

Types of brakes

Types of brakes: apparatuses used to slow or stop a moving vehicle.
Drum brake: mechanism that slows and stops a car by fiction, by pression brake shoes against a drum.
Drum: cylindrical part attached to the wheel, against which the brake shoes are pressed to stop the car.
Brake lining: frictional part on the outside edges of the brake shoes.
Return spring: part of the brake mechanism that returns the brake shoes to their initial position.
Piston: cylindrical part that transmits the pressure to and receives pressure from the brake shoes.
Wheel cylinder: type of roller that applies a uniform pressure to the wheel then the brake is activated.
Brake shoe: part on which the brake lining is mounted.
Brake pads: part activated by the piston.
Wheel hub: central part crossed by the axel.
Stud: metal pin.
Disk: round, flat, piece of metal, pressed against the wheel to slow or stop the car.
Brake line: system liquid-transporting tubes.
Splash shield: protector that prevents dirt from fouling the braking system.
Disk brake: mechanism that slows and stops a car by friction, by pressing a disk against the wheel axel.

Types of motors

Types of motors: devices that transform different types of energy into mechanical energy, creating motion of an automobile.
Counterweight: weight that counterbalances the weight of the cylinder.
Piston rod: rod that transmits the movement of the pistons to the engine.
Crankshaft: collection of rods that transforms the rectilinear displacement of the pistons into rotary motion.
Piston: cylindrical part moving up and down un a tube that receives pressure from the fuel.
Flywheel: wheel that, while turning, regulates the speed of the engine.

Semitrailer

Semitrailer: heavy truck used to transport heavy goods.
Exhaust stack: pipe that expels smoke.
Marker light: lights that indicate the form and dimension of a vehicle.
Hood: cover opening from the body, situated at the front of a vehicle, over the motor.
Bumper: device at the front of the vehicle that protects the body from minor shocks.
Semitrailer: motorless wheeled vehicle meant to be towed.
Truck tractor: motorized wheeled vehicle for towing other vehicles.
Fender: part at the side of the body that covers the wheels.
Door mirror: mirror used for looking backwards.
Siren: apparatus that produces a powerful sound signal.
Wind deflector: apparatus that changes the airflow around a vehicle.

Motorcycle

Motorcycle: two-wheeled motor vehicle with a capacity greater than 125 cmE3.
Passenger restraint handle: part passengers can grip to hold themselves in place.
Dual seat: two-person seat.
Gas tank: container where gas is stored.
Handlebar: metal tube commanding the front wheel.
Dashboard: set of information necessary for the functioning of an apparatus.
Headlight: front light.
Front mudguard: piece covering the front of wheel and protecting the passenger from splashes.
Telescopic shock absorber: piece formed of two parallel tubes, each consisting of two parts, one enclosing the other. The wheel is fixed between the tubes.
Wheel: round object that turns around a central axle and allows a vehicle to advance.
Disk brake: mechanism that slows and stops a vehicle by friction, by pressing a metal disk against the axel of a wheel.
Aluminum rim: round piece of metal forming the edge of a wheel.
Frame: welded set forming the frame.
Main stand: central support, used to hold the motorcycle in a horizontal position.
Exhaust pipe: tube with zigzagging internal passages, that reduces the noise made by the exhaust of spent gases from the motor. It is situated at the rears.
Spring suspension: mechanism that absorbs shocks.
Rear mudguard: piece covering the rear wheel and protecting the passenger from splashes.
Tail light: rear light.

Locomotive

Locomotive (1 of 2): railway engine used to tow railway cars.
Signal lights: signal lights.
Driver’s cab: place where the engineer sits.
Horn: siren.
Walkway: narrow passageway.
Truck: set of two axles, attaches to the railway car on a pivot joint.
Shield: protective shield.
Buffer: metal part that reduces shocks.

Space shuttle

Space shuttle: reusable space vehicle used for travel between a space station and Earth.
Rudder: part of the shuttle used for turning.
Manoeuvring engine: engine used to steer the shuttle.
Main engines: engines that enable the shuttle to enter and leave space.
Body flap: hinged movable shuttle panel.
Tank: part of the shuttle containing stored fuel.
Wing: lift plane of the shuttle.
Cargo-bay door: part of the shuttle that, when open, provides access to the payload.
Orbital rendezvous light: light that announces a link-up if two space vehicle.
Forward control thrusters: system that alters or stabilizes the altitude of the shuttle.
Engine: the shuttle’s system of locomotion.
Star tracker: system of positioning by the stars.
Living quarters and flight deck: part of the shuttle where astronauts can work and pilot the shuttle without wearing spacesuits.
Special launch: system used to start the shuttle in an emergency.
Remote-control arm: system used to catch a satellite in need of repair.
Elevons: shuttle systems that are used as ailerons and rudders.

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