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Appreciate Your Bikini: A Brief History Of Women’s Swimwear

 

By Kiri Picone 

 

As the summer heat hits full blast, people everywhere are flocking to the water. While the tendency to hit the waves when the going gets hot is not unique to a given time or people, what we wear (or don’t!) certainly is. From full-on dresses to itsy-bitsy bikinis–plus weird contraptions called bathing machines–you’ll love this history of women’s swimwear.
The history of women’s swimwear begins with a simple outfit known as the birthday suit. All jokes aside, up until the 19th century people frequently bathed nude. And while women were known to cover themselves with clothing that resembles our modern day bikini, the outfits weren’t for swimming. In fact, swimsuits were invented in the mid 1800s. Their creation came out of necessity; recent improvements in railroad systems and other transportation methods had finally made swimming and going to the beach a recreational activity.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Appreciate Your Bikini: A Brief History Of Women’s Swimwear

Be it bathing machines, the swimsuit police or the full-on dresses that Victorians wore to the beach, the history of women’s swimwear will blow your mind.
 
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History of Women's Swimwear Styles

1876 Swimwear

Vintage Bathing Machines

Later Victorian Swimwear

Only at the turn of the century, when swimming became an intercollegiate and Olympic sport, did people realize that the current swimwear lineup had been designed without functionality in mind. As the sport grew, swimsuits became more streamlined and less heavy, paving the way for styles to come. At this point in the history of women’s swimwear, women often accessorised with soft bathing slippers that provided added protection against rough shores.

British Swim Team 1912

Streamlined History of Women's Swimwear

By 1910, women’s swimwear was less restrictive and heavy. Women exposed their arms, hemlines creeped up to the mid-thigh and designers used less fabric to conceal a girl’s figure. As the 1920s rolled around, the swimsuits got smaller, and the demand for them grew larger. Hollywood and Vogue both popularized the idea of swimwear being sexy and glam, a trend that would persist in the decades to come.

When this picture was taken in 1922, women were subjected to “swimsuit police” who literally measured the length of their swimwear. Source:Huffington Post

When this picture was taken in 1922, women were subjected to “swimsuit police” who literally measured the length of their swimwear. Source:Huffington Post

Two-Piece Swimwear 1900s

While two-piece suits were common in the years leading up to World War II, they usually covered a woman’s navel and left only a bit of midriff visible. In 1946, French designer Louis Reard introduced the world to the first modern bikini, featuring significantly less fabric than its predecessors. Its name has roots in the war: Reard was inspired to name his two-piece after a newsworthy US atomic test with the name Bikini Atoll. The new design was so risqué that the designer had to hire Micheline Bernardini, a Parisian showgirl, to model it.

Micheline Bernardini modeling the world’s first bikini. Source: NY Daily News

While changes to future generations of swimwear were mostly aesthetic in nature, a few iconic swim styles stood out and captivated the country. Take, for instance the red one piece that stars like Pamela Anderson and Carmen Electra donned for Baywatch. As women’s swimwear has expanded to include a variety of styles, so too has it introduced new, accompanying industries. One of which is swimsuit photography, which got its start in the middle of the 20th century and has since catapulted into popularity. And while we may not always appreciate the “openness” that modern swimwear has introduced, at least the bathing machine is history.

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